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Until not long ago, the biotechnology industry had been underdeveloped in Russia, which had fallen far behind most developed industrial countries. The industry is, however, a most promising one — during the coming decades, it will develop itself and have a strong influence on other branches, such as healthcare, power engineering, basic materials, urban and rural economy. Biotechnology provides living systems to solve the various problems of humankind. Commitment to a maximum possible level of environmental safety, development of genetic engineering, and the possibility of simulating many natural processes on a computer have brought modern science to the verge of very promising discoveries: new energy sources and organic electronics, biodegradable materials and gene reprogramming. Biotechnology often helps to find new solutions across industries, e.g. when power engineers and microbiologists are working on a biofuel together.


System biotechnologist

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist in replacing obsolete solutions in various branches with biotechnology products. They will provide assistance to transportation companies transitioning from diesel fuel to biofuel and to construction companies switching from cement and concrete to biomaterials.

Living systems designer

The profession appears after 2020

Specialist in planning, designing and creating closed-cycle technologies involving genetically modified organisms and microorganisms. This type of professional will be irreplaceable in sustainable cities, as they will be able to calculate the required capacity of bioreactors, design urban farms, and elaborate waste recycling systems.

Urban ecologist

The profession appears before 2020

Designer of new cities based on environmentally-friendly biotechnologies, specializing in construction, power engineering and environment pollution control. The job is already on offer, with high-tech green cities being designed and constructed in Malaysia, China, the United Arab Emirates, India, South Korea, and European countries.

Professional skills and abilities


The profession appears before 2020

Specialist in designing custom biocompounds and replacing synthetic compounds with biocompounds. A number of important medicines, e.g. penicillin and insulin, are already produced using genetically modified bacteria.

Professional skills and abilities

Park ecologist

The profession appears before 2020

Professional in charge of monitoring and analyzing the environmental condition of public spaces (parks, boulevards, squares, alleys, etc.), development and implementation of solutions for landscaping, populating territories with animals and insects, and other measures to maintain environmental balance in urban green areas. For example, Royal Parks, a London-based company in charge of eight city parks, employs its own staff of environmental specialists responsible for 418 rare species of plants, animals and mushrooms. On the other hand, the specialty may be regarded as a new version of the long-existing trade of urban ecologist, which appeared as early as in the 1970s.

Professional skills and abilities

Where can i receive basic training
in the specialty?

Scientific-educational center for training specialists for the pharmaceutical and biotech industry in the National research Tomsk Polytechnic University
Moscow state University
St. Petersburg state University
Northern (Arctic) Federal University
Udmurt state University
Far Eastern state technical fisheries University
Russian state agrarian University – MTAA named after K. A. Timiryazev
National Research Novosibirsk State University (NSU)
Alferov University

Employers in the Russian Federation

Baikal Nordic
Biotechnology Corporation
Alkor Bio
International Biotechnology Center Generium
Northern BioPharmCluster at MIPT
Biotechnological Cluster Pushchino
Altai Biopharmaceutical Cluster