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Road transport

People travel more and more every year, enhancing the role of the transport industry. We travel short and long distances more frequently and impose more stringent requirements on the speed, comfort and cost efficiency of our journeys. In Russia, road transport has traditionally ensured the unity of our immense country, although there has not been much change in the industry in the past decade. Nevertheless, global competition will force Russia to adopt new methods of road construction and transport management.
Intelligent systems are becoming an essential part of transport infrastructure, both in terms of traffic management and vehicle control. Computers are taking over logistics. Unmanned vehicles will soon appear on the roads, safer and more predictable than traditional ones. According to Google estimates, they will bring about a 90% reduction in the number of road accidents, fuel expenses and overall traffic volume, as well as allow the driver to read a book or watch a movie instead of having to watch the road all the time.
Materials and surfaces are becoming intelligent, along with the hardware: adaptive road surfaces (equipped with sensors and solar panels), lightweight heavy-duty structures and high-tech lining for vehicles and carriages are already in use. Smart roads will replace map-making services by directly transmitting information about the traffic situation ahead (jams, ice, accidents, etc.) to drivers. This will enable more effective route planning and timely decision making. It is an ideal solution, taking into account the anticipated proliferation of unmanned vehicles.
The state of Virginia (USA) already has its own Virginia Smart Road, equipped with a lighting control and weather monitoring system, sensors tracking humidity, temperature, vibration and weight of cars passing by. The length of the experimental section is just 3.5 km, but there are plans to extend it to 9.2 km.
Movement speed is increasing, especially in railway transportation, which allows it to compete with aviation at short distances. The fastest train in the world today is the Japanese JR Maglev magnetic levitation train that can cover a distance of 581 km in an hour. The innovative train is undergoing testing on an experimental 18 km section, which will become part of a high-speed line from Tokyo to Osaka in the future. There are also various alternative projects and ideas for the transport industry. Russia, for example, is working on a string transport project, a transportation system where light carriages will move on thin “string” rails stretched between supports. Trains in the system will be able to move at speeds of up to 500 km/h. For example, a journey from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod will only take an hour, and a trip from Moscow to Saint Petersburg will last only an hour and a half. In turn, entrepreneur Ilon Mask, who founded the first privately owned space company SpaceX, is planning to build a “hyperloop”, a passenger transportation system where people would travel in small capsules inside a low pressure pipeline. According to his estimates, the average speed of a capsule in the system will exceed 900 km/h.

Professions

Smart management system architect

The profession appears after 2020

Develops software for unmanned vehicles and traffic management systems; controls smart management systems. Various solutions exist today to monitor complex shipments, though shipments are managed by people. The future will require automated traffic management systems.

Professional skills and abilities

Transportation network safety engineer

The profession appears after 2020

Professional analyzing and monitoring information, environmental and technological threats to transportation networks. Unlike traffic safety experts, these engineers analyze and prevent problems connected with the functioning of whole transportation networks. With the increasing speed of data transmission, demand is growing for faster movement and higher speed of transportation, which means more stringent requirements for network infrastructure and safety.

Automated transportation system operator

The profession appears after 2020

Manages the servicing of robotic transportations networks and configuration of computer software for robotic mechanisms and vehicles, primarily unmanned.

Professional skills and abilities

Smart road builder

The profession appears after 2020

Professional selecting and installing adaptive road surfaces, marking and road signs with radio frequency identification, surveillance systems, and road condition sensors.

Professional skills and abilities

Designer of composite structures for vehicles

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist who designs structures (frame, lining, parts) made of composite materials with a preset weight, durability, wear resistance, etc. Composite materials are already used in different types of transport, while experts are actively looking for new applications. In particular, in autumn of 2014, the Composites Applications in Industry: Rail Sector Opportunities conference was held in Great Britain.

Professional skills and abilities

High-speed railway designer

The profession appears before 2020

Professional that designs tracks, junctions and stations for high-speed railway systems, taking into account regional and climatic specifics. Specialists of this type are already being trained in western countries. In particular, Michigan Technological University offers courses in this field.

Professional skills and abilities

Intermodal transport technician

The profession appears before 2020

Services technologically heterogeneous transportation structures, intermodal cargo and passenger hubs, infrastructure and station facilities.

Professional skills and abilities

Intermodal hub designer

The profession appears before 2020

Designs intermodal hubs (systems for changing between modes of transportation), calculates their cargo and passenger capacity, wear resistance, and evaluates their growth potential. Such specialists already exist in Russia as well as in the West, however, the increasing load on the transport infrastructure and growth of passenger and cargo traffic will boost demand for them significantly in the future.

Professional skills and abilities

Cross-logistics operator

The profession appears before 2020

Professional with a competence in selecting the best methods of cargo and passenger delivery using different modes of transportation; control and adjustment of traffic throughout a multimodal network; monitoring of the passability of transportation hubs; redistribution of traffic flows in transportation networks.

Professional skills and abilities

Where can i receive basic training
in the specialty?

Moscow State University of Railway Engineering
Stankin Moscow State Technological University (Stankin MSTU)
Far Eastern State Transport University
State Technical University—MADI
Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics
Siberian federal university
Izhevsk State Technical University
National Research Novosibirsk State University (NSU)

Employers in the Russian Federation

Russian Railways
Ford Motor Company
Rolf Group
Russian Machines
KAMAZ
GAZ Group
AvtoVAZ Group
SOLLERS
Avtoban Road construction company
Moscow Metro
Federal Passenger Company
First Forwarding Company
Freight One
Mostotrest
Russian Highways
Avtotor