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Energy generation and storage

Electricity, quite naturally, has long been perceived as the “blood of the economy”. Our dependence on this branch will only increase with the growing number of devices around.
The nuclear power industry will become one of the symbols of the new environmentally conscious society, as it can ensure stable electricity prices and minimal impact on the environment, avoiding carcinogenic and greenhouse gas emissions, or the specific adverse effect of coal and oil fuel power plants that still occupy a significant share of the traditional power market. The number of power plants in the world will increase, and their safety will be greatly improved. Advanced technologies will be utilized to reduce nuclear waste.
At the same time, private alternative energy (micro wind generators, solar panels, etc.) will also develop. According to European Commission estimates, 2.8 million jobs will be created in the European renewable energy sector by 2020. Even now, wind generators produce 28% of Denmark’s electricity, while 7% of Germany’s electric power is provided by solar panels.
This will lead to people across the globe producing their own power and redistributing or selling the surplus (see Power Grids and Power Consumption Management). Power generation, transfer and storage processes will eventually become automated, requiring little or no human involvement. The power supply principle of mobile devices, which are a part of our everyday life, will also change, with a large portion of energy to be transmitted from the body of the user via generators sewn into clothes and footwear.

Professions

Wearable power device designer

The profession appears after 2020

Designer of mobile/wearable power generation systems. Creates personal items (including clothes and footwear) with micro generation capabilities. Already, there are street clothing items equipped with solar batteries, such as the Ecotech jacket created by Italian company Zegna Sport.

Professional skills and abilities

Weather expert in power industry

The profession appears after 2020

Specialist in generation facility operation management based on weather conditions, predicting power generation levels depending on long-term forecasts. Steps are already being taken to prepare the ground for the new job. For example, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) bases its predictions regarding loads on generation facilities on long-term weather forecasts.

Professional skills and abilities

Local power supply system specialist

The profession appears after 2020

Develops, implements and maintains small power generation systems (wind solar, bio-, nuclear micro generators, etc.). The main reasons behind the development of micro generation today are the growth of environmental consciousness and reduction of consumer spending. Western countries have already recognized the job, with the trend expected to reach Russia soon. The job will be posted by owners of country houses and vertical farm designers.

Energy storage device designer

The profession appears after 2020

Specialist involved in designing various energy storage systems: high-capacity batteries, heat accumulators, flywheels, etc., enabling energy storage for redistribution in smart grids between peaks and troughs. Efficient power generation is only half of the job’s success, as solutions need to be developed for its efficient utilization and storage. For example, recuperative braking systems used in electric cars charge the battery, but excess energy is wasted. An energy storage device designer must bear this in mind. Major energy storage device projects are already underway. For example, in September 2014, Germany launched Europe’s first 5 MW storage station. Its main purpose is to stabilize the electricity supply in case of uneven load in the grid. It is able to manage the task much faster and more effectively than heat power plants, which are traditionally used for this purpose.

Recuperation system designer

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist in technological solutions for capturing the excess energy of moving vehicles, especially when braking, e.g. automobiles, metro trains, or electricity-driven mass transit vehicles. Energy recuperation is not a revolutionary field: rail transport, trams and trolleybuses already use recuperative braking systems. The technology will remain popular for a long time to come, and demand for specialists able to build such systems will increase.

Micro generation system designer

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist in the development and design of advanced technological solutions for micro generation, tailored to user needs. Micro generation is developing intensively around the world, including Russia. However, in frequent cases, standard solutions cannot be adopted due to specific reasons, such as climatic conditions, requiring specialized systems meeting any types of requirements.

Power generation system upgrpade manager

The profession appears before 2020

Manages upgrade of central heat and power plants, hydro power plants, and nuclear plants; implements advanced safety, sustainability and resource efficiency methods. In spite of the general trend toward the diversification of electric power sources, the lion’s share of electricity will still be produced centrally in the near future. Equipment ages and wears down, entailing a need for professionals able to introduce the best practices at power plants and CHPs. Major players in the power market, such as Siemens, already provide services for upgrading generation systems, which means their demand for respective specialists will grow over time.

Professional skills and abilities

Where can i receive basic training
in the specialty?

Moscow Power Engineering Institute
Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), MIPT
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
Kazan State Power Engineering University
Ivanovo State Power University

Employers in the Russian Federation

Rosatom Group
Gazprom
RusHydro
EuroSibEnergo
Enel OGK-5 (ENEL)
Geotherm