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Mining and processing of mineral resources

Russia is one of the richest countries in terms of mineral resources. That is why their extraction and processing are of great significance for our economy. Demand for mineral resources will remain quite high in the coming decades, which is why these industries will continue needing highly qualified staff. A few factors play key parts at the current stage.
First, traditional deposits of oil, gas and other resources are depleting, and production companies are forced to develop increasingly more complex fields as well as new types of resources, such as oil-bearing sand, shale gas, and offshore and deepwater fields. Deepwater drilling will be needed not only in the oil and gas industry but also for industrial mining of manganiferous iron ore and other metals.
Second, environmental requirements are increasing in the field of transporting mineral resources and field conservation. An example of an advanced and environmentally safe technology used now is the collection of methane emitted during mineral resource extraction into the pipeline to prevent gas emissions into the atmosphere. Biotechnological solutions are emerging in the industry as well, e.g. ore refining using bacteria.
Another important trend is the attempt at production cost reduction and resource efficiency. For example, methane from coalmines can be liquefied to be used as fuel. This technology will be applied primarily for production needs, e.g. to fuel dump trucks and illuminate structures, and it is especially useful at deposits with harsh climatic conditions, where shift or unmanned work methods are used.
Third, staff mobility in the sector will grow. Already, increasingly fewer specialists are prepared to move with production activities. Therefore, unmanned technologies will be used more often, with employees working remotely in virtual teams and telemetric systems. Some industries will develop with minimal numbers of staff, which will be replaced with intensive use of technology (e.g. remote healthcare). Only experts will work in shifts at such facilities.
Extraction and processing of mineral resources is a high-risk industry, which is why technologies are being developed to ensure the safety of people at production sites.

Professions

Distributed mining team coordinator

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist ensuring coordinated interaction between people located at the site and remote team members. His main task is to set tactical goals, arrange communication amongst the team, and resolve differences and conflicts.

Professional skills and abilities

Unmanned exploration aircraft operator

The profession appears before 2020

Professional who controls the process of field development and exploration of new fields using unmanned aircraft equipped with magnetometers and other geophysical sensors. Such drones are already used on the Yukon plateau in Canada to explore new fields.

Professional skills and abilities

Robotic system engineer

The profession appears before 2020

Services and manages automated systems for monitoring, development, production and processing of mineral resources (including remote ones). The specialty is already in demand in Russia, with 98 vacancies published in July 2014, according to HeadHunter.

Professional skills and abilities

Telemetric data interpretation engineer

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist engaged in analyzing arrays of data arriving from the field to control the production process, prevent possible emergencies and make quick decisions. It is highly probable that after 2020 the job will be replaced with artificial intelligence.

Professional skills and abilities

Environmental analyst in mining industries

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist in environmental threat analysis, environment protection during resource extraction and recovery activities in a given territory in the closing stages of resource extraction.

Professional skills and abilities

Mining system engineer

The profession appears before 2020

Specialist working at natural resource facilities throughout their life cycle (from exploration to field conservation and rehabilitation), taking into account the integrated nature of these facilities. For example, one site may contain both oil and gas fields, with a need to seamlessly combine these absolutely different extraction technologies.

Where can i receive basic training
in the specialty?

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin
Siberian federal university
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas
St. Petersburg State Mining Institute named after GV Plekhanov (Technical University)
Russian State Geological Prospecting University (MGRI-RSGPU)
North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU)
Far Eastern Federal University
National Research Novosibirsk State University (NSU)

Employers in the Russian Federation

Газпром
РУСАЛ
ГМК «Норильский никель»
Северсталь
Мечел
Новолипецкий металлургический комбинат
ЕВРАЗ
Атомредметзолото
Группа «АЛРОСА»
СИБУР Холдинг
Сибирская угольная энергетическая компания (СУЭК)
НОВАТЭК
Сургутнефтегаз
ТНК-ВР Холдинг
Нефтяная компания «РОСНЕФТЬ»
Нефтяная компания «ЛУКойл»
Газпром-нефть
Уральская горно-металлургическая компания